The Early White Settlement History



The European arrival in Australia
The European arrival in Australia

The first Aboriginal settlers colonized what is now Australia between 40,000 and 80,000 years ago via what is now Papua New Guinea. The European settlers arrived in 1788 and at that time the Aboriginals were living off Australia. European settlers arrived with more advanced technology in 1788 from England began re-colonizing and making a life in Australia which they called their own.


European control some Aboriginals
European control some Aboriginals



Captain Phillip had been instructed to make friendly contact with the Aboriginals when they first arrived. He was not only to ensure peaceful relationships with them but see whether they could become useful in the first settlement.

aboriginals16.jpg
Aboriginal rock painting showing the Europeans taking over the Australian land




A hundred years later Aboriginals no longer held much of Australia, and many Aboriginal groups were struggling for survival. Almost everywhere white settlement had proved overpowering to the Aboriginals.




There had been no peaceful adjustment between whites and Aboriginals, and the hatred between them had many times been marked in blood. Even where white settlement was limited, traditional Aboriginal society was often strongly influenced by the presence of the new arrivals.

Aboriginal men comunicating with the whites
Aboriginal men comunicating with the whites
Aboriginal dome hut
Aboriginal dome hut




The white people, claimed they had greater natural abilities and a higher standard of civilisation for living in Australia. When Aboriginals later looked back on their short time in Australia, they began to revere the achievements of pioneering whites. The achievements of the Aboriginal people, and the story of what had happened between whites and Aboriginals, were ignored or quickly passed over for Australia to become a federation in 1901.



For more information about the early white settlement history visit-
Aboriginal Heritage
Aboriginal History
Aboriginals in Australia
White settlement in Australia